Assignment: Getting Enough Nutrients

Assignment: Getting Enough Nutrients

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Assignment: Getting Enough Nutrients


Assignment 2

(30 marks, 15%)

General Instructions
Before starting this assignment, please read General Instructions for Written Assignments (in the Assignments folder). It describes the requirements for preparing and submitting your assignments, and explains how they will be marked.

Getting Enough Nutrients

Case Study – Peter

Peter is 32 years old and weighs 75 kg. The following is a sample of Peter’s typical daily intake:

250 ml (1 cup) of coffee

5 ml (1 tsp.) sugar

15 ml (1 tbsp.) cream
1 slice of white bread, toasted, with 15 ml (1 tbsp.) jam

120 grams (4 oz.) hamburger, on a white bun

15 ml (1 tbsp.) ketchup

250 ml (1 cup) cream of mushroom soup, canned, made with water
250 ml (1 cup) orange juice, made from frozen

  1 medium apple with skin
Cod chowder made of:

125 mL (½ cup) potato, boiled without skin

125 mL (½ cup) onion, chopped and sautéed

225 g (7.5 oz.) cod, baked

250 mL (1 cup) milk, whole


Answer the following questions using these Health Canada publications:

Nutrient Value of Some Common Foods

Dietary Reference Intakes

  1. Research and provide definitions in your own words for the following terms (5 marks):
    • Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)
    • Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
    • Adequate Intake (AI)
    • Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)
    • Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR)
  2. When assessing your own personal dietary requirements for vitamins and minerals, which of the Dietary Reference Intake values would you use as your target intake? (5 marks)
  3. Using the Dietary Reference Intake that you identified in #2 as the target intake value, for fibre, calcium, sodium, potassium and vitamin C for Peter. Then, determine how much of each nutrient Peter actually consumed by calculating the total amount of fibre, calcium, sodium, potassium and vitamin C in his diet for the given day.  Which nutrients are higher than the recommendations?  Lower than the recommendations?    (10 marks)
  4. What is your overall impression of the diet analysis you performed? Should your character be concerned? Why or why not? (5 marks)
  5. What are the possible health consequences if your character continues to follow his/her current eating pattern? Make a few specific recommendations that can simultaneously improve the food groups and the nutrient intake for your character. (5 marks)