Assignment: Acid-Base Balance and Fluids and Electrolytes

Assignment: Acid-Base Balance and Fluids and Electrolytes

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Assignment: Acid-Base Balance and Fluids and Electrolytes

The normal pH range for systemic arterial blood is between 7.35 and 7.45. Any levels that drop below a pH of 7.35 is a condition known as acidosis. Any levels that rise above a pH of 7.45 is known as alkalosis. Acidosis can depress the central nervous system, which if severe enough, can lead to death. Alkalosis can overly excite the central nervous system causing muscle spasms, convulsions, and even death. Either end of the spectrum can result in an unwanted outcome. This Assignment will require you to look at four conditions: respiratory acidosis, respiratory alkalosis, metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis.

· Define each condition by including the levels of PCO2 or HCO3- and the pH levels.

· Identify at least three or more common causes for each condition.

· Describe the compensatory mechanism for each condition in detail; include whether the kidneys or lungs assist.

· Describe treatment mechanisms for each condition when the regular compensatory mechanisms are not working well.

· Describe how older age may compromise the acid-base balance processes. Be sure to include any changes associated with the kidneys and the lungs.

Basic Writing Expectations:

· Paper should be at least 800 words, not counting the title or reference pages, answering all questions listed above.

· Include a title page, double space, font size 12 pt. Times New Roman.

· A minimum of at least 4 credible peer reviewed sources should be used.

· Use APA style for all citations.

· Avoid plagiarism.

· Reference search by website like .edu, org, gov, etc, but NOT .com

ESSAY GUIDELINES -:

Write a 1000-1500-word essay addressing each of the following points. Be sure to completely answer all the questions for each bullet point. There should be two main sections, one for each bullet below. Separate each section in your paper with a clear heading that allows your professor to know which bullet you are addressing in that section of your paper.

Support your ideas with at least three (3) sources using citations in your essay. Make sure to cite using the APA writing style for the essay. The cover page and reference page in correct APA do not count towards the minimum word amount. Review the rubric criteria for this assignment.

Length: 1000-1500 words; answers must thoroughly address the prompts in a clear, concise manner.

Evaluation Criteria for Paper

(10%) Resources used as rationale for approaches and as sources of content

_____ 5. (20%) write paper in a scholarly manner
(4%) Format includes title page, body of paper, & reference page, with pages numbered

_____ 5. (20%) Write the Paper in a scholarly manner
(4%) Format includes title page, body of paper, & reference page, with pages numbered